Ground Water

  • Chemigation Program

  • Chemigation is the practice of applying fertilizer, additives or agricultural chemicals to crops through an irrigation system. If the correct precautions are not taken, chemicals can flow back through the irrigation system and into the well, polluting the ground water or other water source.
     
    In 1986 the Nebraska Legislature passed LB 284, the Chemigation Act, to protect our ground and surface water from possible contamination. The operator of a chemigation system is required to obtain a permit before chemigating. Permit holders are primarily liable for any damage resulting from chemigation and for maintenance expenses on their chemigation equipment.
     

    Certification Requirements

    Before a chemigation permit can be granted the operator is required to attend a certification class and pass a written exam. This certification is good for four years and entitles the operator to apply for a chemigation permit. Applicator/certification classes are sponsored by the University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension and are held in various locations during the winter and spring each year.
     

    Inspections

    Under provisions of the Nebraska Chemigation Act, Natural Resources Districts (NRDs) are responsible for inspecting each irrigation system through which any agricultural chemical will be applied to ensure that mandatory safety devices are installed and functioning. All operating permits are subject to periodic random inspections to ensure continued compliance. Any new system must be inspected before chemigation can begin.
     
    For more information on the required chemigation equipment set-up, click here.
     

    Chemigation Permit Fees

     
    New Permits: $75 per injection site
     
    Renewal Permits: $25 per injection site
     
    All permits are good for one year, expiring on June 1. New permits approved at any time during the calendar year expire on June 1 of the following year.
     
    As a courtesy to operators, renewal applications are mailed out from the UNWNRD office. However, it is the responsibility of each operator to contact the UNWNRD if he/she does not receive the necessary permits, to complete the required information and to return renewal permits by the deadline. Any permit not renewed by June 1 is subject to cancellation - the operator must then pay the new permit fee and have the system inspected to be eligible to chemigate again.
     

    Penalties

     
    Violators of the Chemigation Program will be submitted to county attorneys. Penalties consist of Class I, II, III or IV misdemeanors or a civil fine.
     
    For questions or comments on the Upper Niobrara White NRD’s Chemigation Program, please contact the Water Department at 308.432.6190.
  • Crop Water Use Report

  • September 26 , 2016

    This is the final crop water use report for the 2016 season!  The UNWNRD would like to give a big thanks to all of the producers who help make the crop water use possible!  Have a great off season and we are looking forward to next year! 

    Average use by corn was .11 inches.

    Average use by beets was .99 inches.

    Average use by sunflowers was .22 inches.

    Average use by mature alfalfa was 1.1 inches.

    Average use by lawns was 1.2 inches.

    The average ET gage reading was 1.1 inches.

    The average rainfall across the district was .31 inches.
              Rain data came from http://nerain.dnr.ne.gov/NeRAIN/index.asp

    In the last week soil moisture monitoring station 1 showed 55% water available at 12”, 55% water available at 24”, and 55% water available at 36”.  The producer did not irrigate.  Remember this is in a Sandy Loam soil type with Corn planted and will vary depending on site specific; weather, irrigation management, topography, management practices, crop, and soil type. 

    In the last week soil moisture monitoring station 2 showed 70% water available at 12”, 40% water available at 24”, and 50% water available at 36”.  The producer did not irrigate.  Remember this is in a Loam soil type with Corn planted and will vary depending on site specific; weather, irrigation management, topography, management practices, crop, and soil type. 

    The crop water use report is completed using the average growth stage for each crop and ET gage reading from across the district. To find the conversion your specific crop growth stage visit https://nawmn.unl.edu/GrowthStageData

    For more information or to inquire about ET gages or soil moisture monitoring equipment, please contact Nevin Price at the Upper Niobrara White Natural Resources District at 308.432.6190 or visit our website at www.unwnrd.org.  We are committed to helping Nebraskans conserve and protect groundwater.

     

     

     

    waterdropClick here for Northwest Nebraska Irrigation Tip Sheet

  • Domestic Water Sampling

  • If you live outside of a city water supply how do you know your water is safe to drink?

    What do we test for?

    Nitrates

    Nitrate in water is undetectable without testing because it is colorless, odorless and tasteless. It may attain high levels in some ground water due to contamination by sewage, wastes or leaching on agricultural fertilizer in heavily farmed areas. Nitrate interferes with the ability of the blood to carry oxygen in infants, resulting in death in severe cases. Some researchers have found that as nitrate intake increases, leukemia and lymphoma cases also increase. Other studies have found that nitrate may be associated with increased birth defects and stomach cancers. Infants, pregnant or nursing women and elderly adults are at greatest risk of the health affects from drinking water that is contaminated with nitrates. If the nitrate level is 10 parts per million(ppm) it is considered unsafe.

    Bacteria

    If the bacteria result is 1 per 100ml or greater is is considered unsafe. Bacterial contamination cannot be detected by sight, smell or taste. Coliform bacteria, which are part of our testing method may not cause disease but can be indicator of pathogenic organisms that cause diseases.
     

    Who is eligible for testing?

    Residents in Box Butte, Dawes, Sheridan and most of Sioux counties who have a private domestic water supply. Testing is FREE and appointments may be made by calling the UNWNRD office 308.432.6190.

    What if there is a problem?

    The UNWNRD has cost-share available on a first-come-first serve basis to defray a portion of the expense for either a treatment system or new domestic well if you drinking water tests over 10.0 ppm for nitrates or is positive for bacteria. In addition, our well decommissioning cost-share program is available to assist landowners with the cost of properly plugging unused water wells which pose a threat to ground water quality and are a safety hazard.
  • Ground Water Quantity Monitoring Program

  •  

  • How to Read your Irrigation Flow Meter

  • Example 1:

    Converting Gallons toAcre-Inches Applied

     
    If you have a meter with a gallon totalizer remember to note the multiplier beneath the totalizer. For example a standard 8" meter dial face displays 890572 and the meter face reads Gallons x 100, so we add two zeros to the 6-digit dial face reading. 890572 x 100 = 89057,200 gallons
     
    Present Meter Reading: 89,057,200 gallons
    Subtract Previous Reading: 79,488,700 gallons
    Total Gallons Used: 9,568,500 gallons
     
    To convert gallons to acre-inches: Divide gallons used (9,568,500) by 27,154
     
    9,568,500 divided by 27,154 equals 352.38 acre-inches
    (9,568,500 / 27,154 = 352.38 acre-inches)
    To figure acre-inches used, divide acre-inches by acres in field (example: 125 acres) 352.38 acres divided by 125 acres = 2.82 acre inches applied. (325.38 / 125 = 2.82 acre-inches)
     

    Example 2:

    Converting Acre-Feet to Acre-Inches Applied

     
    If you have a meter with an acre-feet totalizer remember to note the multiplier beneath the totalizer. For example a standard 8" meter dial face displays 974602 and the meter face reads Acre Feet x 0.001, so we place the decimal point three places to the left. 974602 x 0.001 = 974.602 acre-feet
     
    Present Meter Reading: 974.602 acre-feet
    Subtract Previous Reading: 968.176 acre-feet
    Total Acre-Feet Used: 6.426 acre-feet
     
    To convert acre-feet to acre-inches: Multiply acre-feet used (6.426) by 12
     
    6.426 multiplied by 12 equals 77.112 acre-inches.
    (6,426 x 12 = 77.112 acre-inches)
    To figure acre-inches used, divide acre-inches by acres in field (example: 64 acres) 77.112 acre inches divided by 64 acres = 1.20 acre-inches applied. (77.112 / 64 = 1.20 acre-inches)
     

    Example 3:

    Converting Acre-Inches to Acre-Inches Applied

     
    If you have a meter with an acre-inches totalizer remember to note the multiplier beneath the totalizer. For example a standard 8" meter dial face displays 974602 and the meter face reads Acre Inches x 0.01, so we place the decimal point two places to the left. 974602 x 0.01 = 9746.02 acre-inches
     
    Present Meter Reading: 9746.02 acre-inches
    Subtract Previous Reading: 9681.76 acre-inches
    Total Acre-Inches Used: 64.26 acre-inches
     
    To convert acre-inches to acre-inches applied: Divide acre-inches by acres in the field (example 30 acres) 64.26 / 30 = 2.142 acre-inches applied.
  • Ground Water Management Area

  • Water is without a doubt our most precious natural resource. Without it, life does not exist. The UNWNRD Board has established goals to maintain our water quality and quantity.
     

    What is a Ground Water Management Area?

     
    Effective July 1, 1998, the entire Upper Niobrara White Natural Resources District was designated a Groundwater Management Area (GWMA) for information and education purposes. Through detailed research and analysis and the collaborative efforts of several agencies, the UNWNRD is able to monitor the District's ground water levels and quality. At a higher risk for depletion is the area where the most irrigated acres are concentrated due to a combination of factors including farming practices, the natural geology of the aquifer underlying those areas and the depth to ground water at those points. The establishment of the GWMA provides the UNWNRD with the information necessary to determine solutions to water quality and quantity problems in northwestern Nebraska. Through the cooperative efforts of citizens, local businesses, and government agencies we can protect our most precious natural resource.
     
    To enact the GWMA, the UNWNRD devised some basic rules and regulations:
     
    1) Ground Water Quality Study - The UNWNRD must analyze ground water for nitrate-nitrogen in all irrigation wells pumping greater than 50 gallons per minute. Each well will be sampled once every four years. The landowner or operator must allow the sample to be collected and analyzed by District staff using approved methods. Information from the analysis will give the operator knowledge of usable nitrogen already present in the ground water.
     
    2) Well Permits - Any person intending to construct a water well on land he/she owns, leases, or controls within the District must apply for a permit through the UNWNRD before construction begins. Exemptions include test holes or dewatering wells with an intended use of ninety (90) days or less. Water wells designed and constructed to pump fifty (50) gallons per minute do not require a permit. Most wells for domestic or livestock watering purposes pump less than 50 gallons per minute, and therefore do not require permits. However, multiple wells individually pumping less than fifty gallons per minute but collectively pumping more than fifty gallons per minute are considered a single well if they are connected together or otherwise serve a single purpose. UNWNRD WELL PERMIT APPLICATION

    For more information on well permitting or the Ground Water Management Area, contact Lynn Webster at (308) 432-6190. Download Transfer Request Form - Click Here

  • DISTRICT-WIDE

    GROUND WATER MANAGEMENT AREA

    RULES AND REGULATIONS

  • Tracking High Capacity Water Use

  • Contact Lynn Webster for assistance with high capacity water use issues or Click here

    Road Construction Report

  • Ultrasonic Flow Meter Service

  • To check the accuracy of the flow meter on your irrigation system, you may want to contact the UNWNRD office to utilize our ultrasonic flow meter.
     
     
    This tool can be attached to your running system for comparison between its reading and that of your meter. Please contact the UNWNRD office to arrange a time for this quick and simple test.
  • Well Permits and Registration

  • Well Permits

     

    Any person intending to construct a water well on land he/she owns, leases, or controls within the District must apply for a permit through the UNWNRD before construction begins. Exemptions include test holes or dewatering wells with an intended use of ninety (90) days or less. Water wells designed and constructed to pump fifty (50) gallons per minute do not require a permit. Most wells for domestic or livestock watering purposes pump less than 50 gallons per minute and therefore do not require permits. However, multiple wells individually pumping less than fifty gallons per minute but collectively pumping more than fifty gallons per minute are considered a single well if they are connected together or otherwise serve a single purpose.UNWNRD WELL PERMIT APPLICATION

     
    As of March 20, 2003, the UNWNRD is not issuing any permits for construction of NEW wells pumping over 50 gallons per minute. For more information, please see the Rules and Regulations.
     

    Well Registration

     
    Nebraska State Law requires that ALL irrigation wells be registered with the Nebraska Department of Natural Resources. Domestic and stock wells drilled after September 9, 1993 need to registered as well.
     
    Water well contractors are now responsible for filing the well registration for newly constructed wells within 60 days of well completion. Well owners are responsible for registering existing wells which have not been previously registered. Registration forms are available at DNR's offices or their website.
     
    It is very important for well owners to register their wells for several reasons. New irrigation wells must be drilled at least 600 feet from any existing registered irrigation well under separate ownership. However, if a well is not registered - the owner does not have any legal rights to that well if a spacing dispute occurred. Also, if new ground water management regulations are designated for the UNWNRD, the water rights of unregistered wells would not be recognized. Failure to register a well is a Class IV misdemeanor.
     
    It is also essential that you make sure your registration records are current, including the current well owner and well status. Corrections can be made by submitting a simple form to the NDNR, which is free of charge.
     

    You can check on the status of your well registration online at http://data.dnr.nebraska.gov/wells/Menu.aspx

    WELL REGISTRATION DATABASE

    The UNWNRD staff will gladly assist you with well registration issues if needed.
  • Wellhead Protection

  • Nebraska's Wellhead Protection Program exists to protect public drinking water supplies from contamination through protection of the land and ground water surrounding them. The Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ) provides funding to the UNWNRD to assist our communities with this program.

     
    The UNWNRD's Wellhead Protection Program goals include:
    1. Development of WHPA management plans for public water suppliers within the Upper Niobrara White NRD (UNWNRD) and neighboring communities, which includes verification of contaminant source inventories.
     
    2. Provide advanced, focused assistance to a limited number of communities within the UNWNRD and neighboring communities, concentrating on communities which have established WHPA’s and a commitment to ongoing management within the WHPA’s;
     
    3. Provide technical assistance to communities by gathering, interpreting, and delivering technical information required for WHPA activities;
     
    4. Coordinate and enhance assistance for protecting community drinking water supplies under various programs such as Nebraska’s NPS Management Program, Source Water Assessment and Protection, the Nebraska Environmental Partnership, and related efforts;
     
    5. Implement possible Water Quality Management Area requirements within WHPA’s if source of contamination is due to agricultural practices; and
     
    6. Assist in protection of water quality in WHPA’s through the use of current UNWNRD programs such as water well decommissioning, vadose zone and soil sampling, water sample analysis, GIS and GPS mapping, well registration updating, chemigation, monitoring well construction, etc.
     
    The UNWNRD provides wellhead protection assistance to communities within our District.

    The anticipated results of this project include:
    Modify or refine WHPA’s for 100% of communities and public water suppliers within the UNWNRD and neighboring communities;
     
    Revision of contaminant source inventories for approximately 50% of public water suppliers;
     
    Long term WHPA management plans for approximately six suppliers within the UNWNRD and neighboring communities;
     
    Increased technical assistance/information dissemination to communities at all stages of WHPA development and implementation; and
     
    Improved coordination of ongoing efforts involving protection of drinking water supplies.

  • Conservation Awards

  • Every year the UNWNRD takes in nominations from the public for those individuals in our district who have done an exemplary job of furthering both the knowledge, and practices, of conservation in their area. Their efforts to improve the quality of the land, water, and wildlife within the district sets them apart, and this award is a great way to show our gratitude. Community members may be nominated by any member of the public, as well as by any public agency, such as the Nebraska Forest Service, or the NRCS.

     
    The categories for nomination are:
    • Wildlife Habitat
    • Water Conservation
    • Range Management
    • Natural Resources Education
    • Outdoor Recreation
    • Soil Conservation
    • Forest Management
    • Tree Planting
    • Noxious Weed Control
    • Or any other conservation effort
     
    Please contact us at 308.432.6190 for more information.
  • Conservation Festival

  • Each year on the first Tuesday in May the UNWNRD hosts an educational day for fifth grade students in the district with the help of many natural resources professionals and partner agencies. Students had the opportunity to visit different presenters who set up hands-on stations to teach about conservation.
     
    Each year, the Festival and features water rocket launching and weed-eating goats used by the organization PRIDE. The students learn about pollution, ground water, soil and tree care.
     
     
     
     group at festival

    The Annual Northwest Nebraska Conservation Festival

    Please contact us at 308.432.6190 for more information.
  • Projects WET, WILD and Learning Tree

  • Project WET

     
    The purpose of Project WET (Water Education for Teachers) is "to facilitate and promote the awareness, appreciation, knowledge, and stewardship of water resources through the development and dissemination of classroom ready teaching aids and the establishment of state and internationally sponsored Project WET programs." Project WET was originally developed in 1984 by the North Dakota State Water Commission. Five years later (1989) Montana State University received funding to develop a multi- state program. This new initiative was so successful that the decision was made to develop Project WET U.S.A. Today this program exists in all fifty states and has experienced great success.
     
    Through interactive projects and lessons students gain an understanding of the importance of water for everyone from farmers and ranchers to energy producers, and even wildlife. They also learn why careful water management is imperative to sustaining future life, and economic stability. Students become aware of, and learn respect for, the water sources around them while taking the first steps toward a responsible attitude where nature is concerned.
     
    This program is designed for students grade K-12 and is easily adaptable to any classroom, outdoor, or home setting. Both formal and non-formal educators can benefit from this program (non-formal educators can be anyone from resource agency educators, zoo educational staff, youth organization leaders, etc.).
     

    Project WILD, Aquatic WILD

     
    Project WILD's mission is to provide wildlife-based conservation and environmental education that fosters responsible actions toward wildlife and related natural resources. Project WILD (Wildlife in Learning Design) was first presented for use in 1983 and was developed by Western Regional Environmental Education Council (WREEC), now known as the Council for Environmental Education (CEE), and the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA). At the time of the projects introduction twenty (20) states were already involved with the project. By 1991 all 50 states were conducting the program, and in 2003 according to Project WILD timelines over 900,000 educators and 45 million youth have participated in Project WILD, and Aquatic WILD since 1983.
     
    Both Project WILD, and its sibling Aquatic WILD are suitable for students K-12. Project WILD focuses on wildlife, and the habitats that they require for survival. Aquatic WILD focuses on aquatic wildlife and aquatic ecosystems. Both projects are extremely interactive, and have the flexibility to be held both indoors and outside, depending on the educators requirements.
     

    Project Learning Tree

     
    The mission of Project Learning Tree (PLT) is to use the forest as a "window" on the world to increase students' understanding of the environment; stimulate students' critical and creative thinking; develop students' ability to make informed decisions on environmental issues; and instill in students the commitment to take responsible action on behalf of the environment.
    PLT began in 1976, and like its fellows has experienced enormous success, both at home and abroad. PLT focuses on bringing the issues of water, pollution, forests, and others together to form a cohesive unit, demonstrating the interdependency of each topic.
     
    This program is designed for use by PreK- 8th grade students. Each activity is adaptable for different age groups. There are a variety of activities that can be conducted both in and outdoors to give varied learning experience.
     

    Workshops

     
    Facilitators are available throughout the district to conduct workshops for teachers, 4-H leaders, camp counselors, an all others interested in furthering conservation education through children. These workshops can be held specifically for a school district during an in-service day, or scheduled periodically throughout the district for all interested parties to attend. These workshops are often provided at little or no cost to the participates, and each participant receives a great deal of materials and gifts, as well as a day of fun!
     
    To schedule a workshop, or Project WET, WILD or Learning Tree activity for your classroom or event please contact Sheri Daniels at 308-432-6190 or daniels at unwnrd.org.
  • Presentations

  • The EnviroScape is a presentation centered around the identification of various pollutants, their affects on the landscape and wildlife surrounding the area, and Best Management Practices (BMPs) that can help alleviate and/or prevent the harm from local pollutants. This presentation is an interactive lesson that is adaptable to a range of ages (K-Adult).
     
    This presentation focuses on Point Source and Non- point source pollution using visual representations of pollution. This includes Kool-Aide fertilizer, coco powder manure, "sludge" from the factory, and various other pollutants. All these colorful representations allow participants to track the pollutants path from homes, farms, and workplaces to the lake at the bottom of the display.
     
    The Ground Water Flow Model is used to demonstrate many different concepts; a few of these are how ground water flows through the different layers of sediment (direction of flow, location of water), how activity at or near surface and contaminate ground water, and also the relationship between ground water and surface water. This presentation, like the others is interactive for the benefit of the participants. The vacuum pump that is used to pull the water through the model can be operated by those watching to allow a more direct relationship to the process.
    This presentation is also adaptable to many different age groups, however, younger children may have difficulty understanding some of the concepts presented. The information pertaining to this model would be best suited for middle school (5th grade) age children and above.
     
     
     
    To schedule a workshop, or Project WET, WILD or Learning Tree activity for your classroom or event please contact NRD staff 308-432-6190.
  • Scholarships

  • N A R D logo

    ACE CAMP Adventure Camp About the Environment hosted by Nebraska's NRDs. June at Halsey 4-H Camp Facility.

    It is important to the UNWNRD that we provide the best possible conservation resources to the members of our district. To assist district residents, of all ages, in furthering their knowledge of conservation the NRD offers two different scholarships.

     
    The scholarship available to all district residents is the Dorshorst Memorial Fund Scholarship. This scholarship is available to anyone who wishes to further their knowledge of conservation methods. Adults, students, teachers, producers are all eligible to receive these funds. Funds can be used to attend workshops or seminars that focus on conserving our natural resources. To apply simply submit a letter to the NRD detailing the workshop, event, or seminar that you wish to attend, cost of attendance, and how you feel this event will further your knowledge of natural resource conservation.
    This scholarship is available year round.
     
    Every year the State 4-H Camp in Halsey hosts the Society for Range Management Nebraska Range Youth Camp. The SRM Nebraska Range Youth Camp is for young adults age 14 -18. The NRD offers a scholarship of $275 to each chosen applicant, which covers the complete cost of the camp including meals, lodging, recreation, camp insurance, and transportation while at the camp. Range camps provides students with the opportunity to learn more about range management and also become more aware of natural resources.
     

     

     
     
    For more information about the scholarships available through the NRD please contact staff 308-432-6190.
  • Land Judging

  • Land Judging is a competition that enables high school students to gain a better understanding of land evaluation and soil structure. Participants learn to recognize physical characteristics of soil, determine the lands capacity for crop production, and assess best management practices that will properly maintain the land.
     
    The UNWNRD co-sponsors the Western Panhandle Region District Land Judging every three years. Other agencies involved with Land Judging competitions are local Natural Resources Conservation Services (NRCS), the University of Nebraska Extension and any other agency willing to assist with the competition. Vocational agriculture instructors also do a great deal of work to help ensure the success of the competition.
     

     

     
     
    For a list of contest rules, or the Guide Book of information please visit the NARD Land Judging website. For more information about the 2013 winners or future contests, contact us at 308-432-6190
     
  • Range Judging

  • Approximately 60% of the Upper Niobrara White Natural Resources District is rangeland. Range Judging competitions are engaging events that enhance the participants knowledge of rangeland plants, and management methods.
     
    Co-sponsorship of the Range Judging contest rotates between the three panhandle NRDs. The 2011 Range Judging contest was hosted by the Sioux County Extension, NRCS and the Upper Niobrara White NRD. The contest was held on September 20 south of Harrison. The State Range Judging committee oversees all range judging in the state, This committee also selects host counties for the event, and sets the rules and regulations. They meet annually and also the evening before the competition. .
     
     
     
     
    If you have questions, or would like more information about Range Judging competitions please contact staff
    308.432.6190.
  • NeRAIN

  • The Nebraska Rainfall Assessment and Information Network (NeRAIN) was developed two years ago by the Nebraska Natural Resources Districts (NRDs) and the Department of Natural Resources (DNR). Its purpose is to gather rainfall information through the help of volunteers and use that data to create rainfall pattern maps throughout the state. These maps can be viewed at the NeRAIN website, http://nerain.dnr.ne.gov/Nerain/ The expansion of this project to include all 23 NRDs was made possible by a grant from the Nebraska Environmental Trust.
     
    Through this program all-weather rain gauges are provided free of cost to volunteers who are willing to record daily precipitation values on a website developed by DNR. Those values are then put into a map that creates an accurate portrait of the rainfall patterns across the state. The information gained from the project to date has been used by the University of Nebraska and by weather stations both in Nebraska and surrounding states.
     
     
    If you are interested in becoming a volunteer in the NeRAIN program please contact staff at 308.432.6190 or visit the NeRAIN Website
     
  • Soil Health Improvements

    • No-Till Drill Rental

    • For more information about the No-Till Drill or to make a reservation call Craig Eddie at 308.432.6190 or email eddie@unwnrd.org
       

      Hay Buster (10 foot) No-Till Drill

      NEW DRILL

      Tye (7 foot) No-Till Drill

      Tye 7 Foot Drill

      UNWNRD now has 2 Drills to consider when considering a conservation planting. Thanks to a Grant from the Nebraska Environmental Trust, a 10 foot HayBuster Drill can be leased and will effectively cover a wider pass through your field or borders.

      This TYE 2007 Pasture Pleaser has a drill width of 7 feet and an overall width of 9 1/2 feet. This smaller size allows it to be easily maneuvered in most areas from narrow tree rows and creek bottoms to large fields. It is a pull-type drill, is easily transportable by pick-up, and attaches to all tractors. It has three seed boxes and thus has the ability to plant anything from native grass seed to legume seeds. In one pass, an effective three-step seeding process is completed. A deep ripple coulter cuts a clear path through the ground, whether it is stubble, bare ground, or sod. Double-disc openers then gently place the seed into the seed track. The process is completed when depth control press wheels firm the soil over the seed.

       
      Lease Arrangements
      The 7 foot Tye No-Till Drill may be leased for $10/acre and the 10 foot HayBuster No-Till Drill may be leased for $12/acre. Both drills have a one time fee charged for delivery. Total amount due is payable upon return of the No-Till Drill. Please see No-Till Drill Lease Agreement for lease stipulations. Lease reservations are ongoing and should be booked in advance to assure availability.
       
      Purpose
      Various local agricultural practices reduce the amount of nesting cover available for upland game which often results in low survival rates. These practices, such as summer fallow farming and overgrazing of riparian areas, also facilitate excessive irrigation and rainwater runoff which results in non point source pollution of ground and surface waters. The Wildlife Seeding Program (No-Till Drill) is an effort to provide better cover and food sources for many different types of wildlife while reducing erosion and runoff.
       
      Funding for the no-till drill purchase was provided by:
    • Prescribed Burning Equipment

    • What is Prescribed Burning?
      Prescribed burning is a technique used to improve the quality and quantity of grassland and forest vegetation. A prescribed burn uses skillfully-applied fire to remove fuels of a forest, prairie or pasture. It is done for a specific purpose, under predetermined weather conditions. USDA NRCS NE Fact Sheet –12
       
      Prescribed burning, when done correctly, can result in a variety of beneficial outcomes including wildlife habitat enhancement, improved forestland/grassland health, increased forage value for livestock, and reduced fire hazards. It suppresses certain undesirable plants and removes excessive plant residue, which stimulates new growth of desirable species. In forests, these burns remove thick layers of pine needles and old vegetation and prune low hanging branches on pine trees. As a result, sunlight is allowed to penetrate the soil surface and herbaceous plants are allowed to germinate and thrive.
       
      Considerations
      A fire plan should always be designed before a prescribed burn is implemented. Factors to consider include the amount and distribution of fine fuel, the goal end-results following the burn, desired weather conditions, preferred wind velocities, direction to burn and the location of highways and buildings.
       
      UNWNRD Requirements
      The UNWNRD has prescribed burning equipment available that can be checked out and used to assist with burns. To use this equipment, a landowner must work out a prescribed burn plan with an appropriate agency and receive a burn permit from their local Fire Department.
       
      Assistance on burn plans is currently available through the Nebraska Forest Service and the Natural Resources Conservation Service (predominately on Conservation Reserve Program fields).
       
      The UNWNRD will charge a minimal fee to use the equipment. Normal wear is expected, but evidence of abuse will result in greater charges to cover replacement costs. The borrower must sign a brief lease agreement before the equipment can leave the UNWNRD office.
       
      Equipment Details
      • Pumper Unit 150 gallon capacity
      • Back-pack Sprayers 4 gallon capacity
      • ATV Sprayer 25 gallon capacity
      • Drip Torches
      • Fire Rakes McLeod Tool (combination hoe and rake)
      • Fire Swatters
      • Pulaski Axes
      • Shovels
      • Portable Weather Station Reads temperature, wind chill, humidity, heat stress, wind speed and dew point
      • Protective Clothing Nomex pants and shirts, goggles, helmets
       
      Benefits of Prescribed Burning:
      Improved forest and grassland health
       
      Decreased fire hazards due to removal of pine needle layers and/or old vegetation
       
      Enhanced wildlife habitat
       
      Decreased forest competition for moisture resulting in enhanced streams and springs
       
      New growth of suppressed hardwood trees
       
      Improved soil quality due to nutrients recycling back into the ground
       
      Reduced erosion resulting from an increase in vegetation density
       
      Improved rangeland forage value
       
      Long-term reduction of invasive weed infestations
      bottom margin